Indri - Nokia is a multinational Finnish telecommunications, IT and consumer electronics company founded in 1865. Nokia's headquarters are located in Espoo, in the Helsinki metropolitan area. In 2017, Nokia employed about 102,000 people in more than 100 countries operating in more than 130 countries and reported annual sales of around $ 23 billion. 

History of Nokia

Nokia is a public company listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange. This is the 415th largest company in the world measured by 2016 revenue according to Fortune Global 500 ranking, with a top 85th place in 2009. It is part of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.

The company has had several industries for over 150 years. It was founded as a mass mill and has long been associated with rubber and cables, but since 1990 it has focused on large-scale telecommunications infrastructure, technology development and licenses. Nokia is a major contributor to the mobile phone industry, which has helped the development of GSM, 3G and LTE (and currently 5G) standards, and was once the world's largest provider of mobile phones and smartphones. 

After collaborating with Microsoft and market battles, its mobile telephony business was finally bought by Microsoft and created Microsoft Mobile as the successor in 2014. After the sale, Nokia began to focus more on its telecommunications infrastructure and on its Internet of things marked by the sale of the mapping department Here and the acquisition of Alcatel-Lucent, including Bell Lab's research organization. 

The company also experimented with virtual reality and digital health, the latter through the acquisition of Withings. Since then, the Nokia brand has returned to the mobile and smartphone market through a license agreement with HMD Global. Nokia remains a major licensor for patents for the largest mobile phone manufacturers. From 2018, Nokia is the world's third-largest manufacturer of networking equipment.

The company was considered with Finnish pride, as its activity in mobile telephony has made it by far the largest Finnish company and global brand. In no more than 2000, Nokia accounted for only 4% of its GDP, 21% of total exports and 70% of Helsinki's stock market capital under the telecommunications bubble.

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